(GH) 11 The day after the Passover, that very day, they ate some of the produce of the land:(GI) unleavened bread(GJ) and roasted grain. Tell them, ‘Consecrate yourselves(JK) in preparation for tomorrow; for this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: There are devoted things among you, Israel. The king of Jericho, having heard of possible Israelite spies, demands that Rahab reveal the men. 21 For when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city and that smoke was going up from it, they turned around(LH) and attacked the men of Ai. (G) 4 Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon,(H) and from the great river, the Euphrates(I)—all the Hittite(J) country—to the Mediterranean Sea in the west. Only Rahab the prostitute(HF) and all who are with her in her house shall be spared, because she hid(HG) the spies we sent. Joshua wrote his own book. The Hebrew nation had come to … Watch our overview video on the book of Joshua, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. [22]:5–6 Richard Nelson explained that the needs of the centralised monarchy favoured a single story of origins, combining old traditions of an exodus from Egypt, belief in a national god as "divine warrior," and explanations for ruined cities, social stratification and ethnic groups, and contemporary tribes. There are several things to note about this incident. For example, Michael Prior criticizes the use of the campaign in Joshua to favor "colonial enterprises" (in general, not only Zionism) and have been interpreted as validating ethnic cleansing. [26], Albright questioned the "tenacity" of etiologies, which were key to Noth's analysis of the campaigns in Joshua. Josh 9:27 And that day Joshua made them woodcutters and water carriers for the congregation and for the altar of the LORD, in the place which He would choose, even to this day. Joshua is "old, advanced (or stricken) in years" by this time (Joshua 13:1). 1 When the news reached all the kings west of the Jordan, in the mountain regions and in the Shephelah, and all along the coast of the Great Sea as far as the Lebanon: Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, a 2 they gathered together to launch a common attack against Joshua and Israel. Then you will be prosperous and successful. (CP), 22 When they left, they went into the hills and stayed there three days,(CQ) until the pursuers(CR) had searched all along the road and returned without finding them. 2 Then the Lord said to Joshua, “See, I have delivered(GS) Jericho into your hands, along with its king and its fighting men. 11 The entire force that was with him marched up and approached the city and arrived in front of it. The tribe the Lord chooses(JM) shall come forward clan by clan; the clan the Lord chooses shall come forward family by family; and the family the Lord chooses shall come forward man by man. Do not be afraid;(AA) do not be discouraged,(AB) for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.”(AC), 10 So Joshua ordered the officers of the people:(AD) 11 “Go through the camp(AE) and tell the people, ‘Get your provisions(AF) ready. This prevents the Israelites from exterminating them, but they are enslaved instead. Joshua was God’s chosen servant (see 24:29 “Let it be as you say.”, So she sent them away, and they departed. They are hidden in the ground inside my tent, with the silver underneath.”. 5 I and all those with me will advance on the city, and when the men come out against us, as they did before, we will flee from them. (NE) 18 But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the assembly had sworn an oath(NF) to them by the Lord, the God of Israel. )(BF) 7 So the men set out in pursuit of the spies on the road that leads to the fords of the Jordan,(BG) and as soon as the pursuers(BH) had gone out, the gate was shut. (DO) 12 Now then, choose twelve men(DP) from the tribes of Israel, one from each tribe. 21 He said to the Israelites, “In the future when your descendants ask their parents, ‘What do these stones mean?’(FO) 22 tell them, ‘Israel crossed the Jordan on dry ground.’(FP) 23 For the Lord your God dried up the Jordan before you until you had crossed over. 13 So the soldiers took up their positions—with the main camp to the north of the city and the ambush to the west of it. The Book of Joshua (Hebrew: ספר יהושע‎ Sefer Yehoshua) is the sixth book in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, and is the first book of the Deuteronomistic history, the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan to the Babylonian exile. 22 Then Joshua summoned the Gibeonites and said, “Why did you deceive us by saying, ‘We live a long way(NK) from you,’ while actually you live near(NL) us? 3 However, when the people of Gibeon(ML) heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai,(MM) 4 they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loaded[t] with worn-out sacks and old wineskins, cracked and mended. Otherwise you will make the camp of Israel liable to destruction(HI) and bring trouble(HJ) on it. [49] A related moral condemnation can be seen in "The political sacralization of imperial genocide: contextualizing Timothy Dwight's The Conquest of Canaan" by Bill Templer. The Book of Joshua is an anonymous work. (LS) 29 He impaled the body of the king of Ai on a pole and left it there until evening. (JU), 19 Then Joshua said to Achan, “My son, give glory(JV) to the Lord, the God of Israel, and honor him. Joshua thus illustrates the central Deuteronomistic message, that obedience leads to success and disobedience to ruin. 9 The Canaanites and the other people of the country will hear about this and they will surround us and wipe out our name from the earth. 24 When Israel had finished killing all the men of Ai in the fields and in the wilderness where they had chased them, and when every one of them had been put to the sword, all the Israelites returned to Ai and killed those who were in it. You may catch up with them.”(BD) 6 (But she had taken them up to the roof and hidden them under the stalks of flax(BE) she had laid out on the roof. 10 We have heard how the Lord dried up(BK) the water of the Red Sea[a] for you when you came out of Egypt,(BL) and what you did to Sihon and Og,(BM) the two kings of the Amorites(BN) east of the Jordan,(BO) whom you completely destroyed. They did this for six days. No one went out and no one came in. He asserts that the Bible was used to make the treatment of Palestinians more palatable morally. 16 Three days after they made the treaty with the Gibeonites, the Israelites heard that they were neighbors, living near(NC) them. (LK) 26 For Joshua did not draw back the hand that held out his javelin(LL) until he had destroyed[r](LM) all who lived in Ai. The Israelites are told – just as Joshua himself had been told (Joshua 1:7) – that they must comply with "all that is written in the Book of the Law of Moses" (Joshua 23:6), neither "turn[ing] aside from it to the right hand or to the left" (i.e. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you [citation needed] Thus "Joshua made a covenant with the people", literally "cut a covenant", a phrase common to the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin languages. Do this for six days. When it crossed the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan were cut off. The first time He was referring to the courage necessary to complete the task of conquering the land and dividing it among the tribes (v. 6). Joshua 1:6-9 Three times in His commissioning of Joshua, God admonished him to have courage. God promised to guide and strengthen Joshua, just as he had Moses (Dt 31:23; cf. While it seems simple (the author is Moses or not), scholars don’t necessarily treat it as a yes or no question—they also have to consider that Moses may have written part of Genesis.For some, orthodoxy simply suggests that Moses wrote the whole Pentateuch, perhaps with the exception of postmosaica passages such as Genes… Omitted in the Masoretic Text, but present in the Septuagint, is a statement that: Joshua completed the division of the land in its boundaries, and the children gave a portion to Joshua, by the commandment of the Lord. She tells him that she is unaware of their whereabouts, when in reality, she hid them on her roof under flax. Joshua indicated that the Canaanites were in Gezer "to this day" (Josh 16:10) until they were captured and routed by the Egyptians during King Solomon’s time (1 Kings 9:16). Key Verse: Joshua 1:9 “Have I not commanded you? 6 They will pursue us until we have lured them away from the city, for they will say, ‘They are running away from us as they did before.’ So when we flee from them, 7 you are to rise up from ambush and take the city. So the Lord’s anger burned(IJ) against Israel.(IK). Subsequently, 48 cities with their surrounding lands were allocated to the Tribe of Levi (Joshua 21:1–41, cf. [47] Zionism thus presented the 1948 war (the war which saw the creation of the State of Israel) as a "miraculous" clearing of the land based on Joshua, and the Bible as a mandate for the expulsion of the Palestinians. [4]:10–11, I. I don’t know which way they went. Be careful to obey(R) all the law(S) my servant Moses(T) gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left,(U) that you may be successful wherever you go. (LD) 19 As soon as he did this, the men in the ambush rose quickly(LE) from their position and rushed forward. 19 All the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron(HK) are sacred to the Lord and must go into his treasury.”. Hazor itself is then captured and destroyed. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. 22 Joshua said to the two men(HQ) who had spied out(HR) the land, “Go into the prostitute’s house and bring her out and all who belong to her, in accordance with your oath to her. (DY) Yet as soon as the priests who carried the ark reached the Jordan and their feet touched the water’s edge, 16 the water from upstream stopped flowing. The people hurried over, 11 and as soon as all of them had crossed, the ark of the Lord and the priests came to the other side while the people watched. Tell(JW) me what you have done; do not hide it from me.”, 20 Achan replied, “It is true! (DM) 11 See, the ark of the covenant of the Lord of all the earth(DN) will go into the Jordan ahead of you. 24 They said to Joshua, “The Lord has surely given the whole land into our hands;(CS) all the people are melting in fear(CT) because of us.”, 3 Early in the morning Joshua and all the Israelites set out from Shittim(CU) and went to the Jordan,(CV) where they camped before crossing over. "4QJOSHª and the History of Tradition in the Book of Joshua,", "Deuteronomistic Historiography (DH): History of Research and Debated Issues", "The Rewritten Joshua Scrolls from Qumran: Texts, Translations, and Commentary", "Scholars search for pages of ancient Hebrew Bible", "Discrepancies in manuscripts show how Old Testament scribes edited the Book of Joshua", "Testing the Factuality of the Conquest of Ai Narrative in the Book of Joshua", "Tell Es-Sultan (Jericho): Radiocarbon Results…", "Martin Noth and the Deuteronomistic History", "Historiographic Views on the Settlement of the Jewish Tribes in Canaan", "The Deuteronomist from Joshua to Samuel", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Book_of_Joshua&oldid=996542533, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Joshua led the Israelites out of the wilderness into the Promised Land, crossing the Jordan River as if on dry ground (3:16), just as Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt through the, Joshua's vision of the "commander of Yahweh's army" (5:13–15) is reminiscent of the divine revelation to Moses in the, Joshua successfully intercedes on behalf of the Israelites when Yahweh is angry for their failure to fully observe the "ban" (, Joshua and the Israelites were able to defeat the people at Ai because Joshua followed the divine instruction to extend his sword (Josh 8:18), just as the people were able to defeat the, Joshua is "old, advanced in years (13:1) at the time when the Israelites can begin to settle on the promised land, just as Moses was old when he died having seen, but not entered, the Promised Land (Deuteronomy 34:7), Joshua served as the mediator of the renewed covenant between Yahweh and Israel at Shechem (8:30–35; 24), just as Moses was the mediator of Yahweh's covenant with the people at. 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