Anatomical terminology has quite regular morphology, the same prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots. Medical terminology is used in international language, and it is also necessary for communicating with other medical personnel. Here’s a list of body parts with odd, unusual, and funny technical names. Corpus . This is the best way to describe anatomical planes. passes from front to back and divides the body into right and left portions, if the plane passes throught the midline, it is a mid-sagittal or medial plane . Corpus . Most of the terms originate from Latin or Greek but are not used in everyday language. Hips = Pelvis Baldness patch = Alopecia, Some body part names are used as impolite "bad" words. Lips = Labia Bird, Twat, Puss-, Cun-, Beaver = Vagina Breasts = Mammaries Science, especially medicine, is permeated with Latin and Greek terms. Terms of Greek origin occur mainly in clinical terminology (e.g. It’s a way for medical personnel to be specific and easily understand each other. Forearm Inner Bone = Ulna Cephalic . medical names for all major body parts Doctors use medical names for body parts to be precise. Now imagine dissecting this person with imaginary vertical and horizontal planes. Heel = Calcaneus adenocarcinoma. (View a detailed body plane image.) Eye Socket = Orbit. Prev Article Next Article . Correct! Medical Terminology. The upper limbs are held out to each side, and the palms of the hands face forward as illustrated in Figure 1. What is the Latin name for your body? Hand = Carpals Get to know these funny body part names Acnestis Spirit . Digestive Tract = Alimentary Canal The root of a term often refers to an organ or tissue. It is able to ejaculate semen (containing sperm) during sex and to relieve the body of urine. A section is a two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional structure that has been cut. Prone describes a face-down orientation, and supine describes a face up orientation.These terms are sometimes used in describing the position of the body during specific physical examinations or surgical procedures. For example, if I say to a medical colleague, "there's a transverse fracture at the right 2nd distal interphalangeal joint" that is a lot more specific than for me to say "yeah she broke her finger doc". Forehead = Frontalis. We call these scans. Eye Socket = Orbit So next time you go to the doctor, you’ll be able to speak the same language of medical terms. Anatomical planes can be used to describe any body part or an entire body. Doctors use medical names for body parts to be precise. Eye Whites = Cornea. Using this standard position reduces confusion. Torso . Bladder Area = Suprapubic Lower Jaw =  Mandible Let’s look now at a few basic terms for the regions of the body… Womb = Uterus For example, the Latin names of structures such as musculus biceps brachii can be split up and refer to, musculus for muscle, biceps for "two-headed", brachii as in the brachial region of the arm. In English it carries that first meaning as well, and also hints at the second in meanings referring to Greek and Roman architectural elements and to the lintel of a door. cardiology, nephropathia, gastritis), Latin terms make up the majority of anatomical terminology (Nomina Anatomica) (e.g. Start studying Medical Terminology - Latin Roots - Body Parts. Before we discuss anatomical planes, it’s good to learn how to talk about body structures by learning directional terms of the body. Great Toe = Hallux Modern medical imaging devices enable clinicians to obtain “virtual sections” of living bodies. transverse plane ; passes horizontally dividing the body into superior and inferior parts . Urinary — This term refers to body parts that control your urine, like the kidneys or bladder. :the region of the eyebrows : eyebrow. Eye Color = Iris Both Latin and Greek play a role in the roots of the word for heart, cardium. Chest Bone = Sternum Study Flashcards On Medical Terminology -- Body Positions, Regions, and Cavities at Cram.com. Upper Leg Muscles = Quadriceps Note that some organs have more than one word root. Thank you for visiting. Tailbone = Coccyx Liver = Hepatic system Heart = Myocardium To further increase precision, anatomists standardize the way in which they view the body. Medical names look awkward and tie your tongue in knots the first time they roll out of your mouth - sorry, buccal cavity - because they come mostly from another language... Latin. A section is a two-dimensional surface of a three-dimensional structure that has been cut. In English it carries that first meaning as well, and also hints at the second in meanings referring to Greek and Roman architectural elements and to the lintel of a door. Imagine a person standing in an upright position. Chin = Mentis It is by no means complete and probably not too relevant today by the virtue of the fact that doctors simply no longer use Latin, even while writing prescriptions! Adenoid comes from the Greek aden, meaning “gland,” and cidos, meaning “like.” The term was once used for the prostate gland. These names have their last letter blocked (-) so you can guess them but kids reading can't :), “Everything I ever wanted to know about Doctors”. Get to know these funny body part names Acnestis Gums = Gingiva Cram.com makes it … What is the Latin name for your body? The language of medicine is primarily derived from Greek and Latin. Head = Cranium Hemo/emia. Anatomical directions help avoid confusion, prevent further injury and prevent mistakes. Upper Leg Bone = Femur Pat DuPree taught anatomy/physiology, biology, medical terminology, and environmental science. Ear Canal =  External Meatus The medical term for the nose is .....? This list of human body parts includes common anatomical divisions and the body parts that compose those divisions. Last month we started to see how medical terminology, no matter how complex it looks like, can be decoded by becoming more familiar with words roots deriving from -mostly – Greek and Latin. In Latin supercilium means "eyebrow" or "ridge" or "pride." Body Planes. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. So far we focused only on parts of the human body. … Wrong!-What is the Latin … Voice Box = Larynx Explain that the students today will learn about the Latin names for the parts of the body, like the parts of Daphne’s body that Ovid described. Elbow = Olecranon, Elbow crease = Antecubital fossa Anatomic terms describe the directions within the body as well as the body’s reference planes, cavities and regions.There are many times in medicine that a doctor has to record information in a medical record or tell another doctor the exact body part or location of disorders or damage to your body or an organ. passes from front to back and divides the body into right and left portions, if the plane passes throught the midline, it is a mid-sagittal or medial plane . The medical term for the nose is .....? Atlas – The topmost cervical vertebrae is named after the Greek Titan, Atlas, who held the world on his shoulders. Related Flashcards See more. Fingers = Phalanges Directional terms also help us to explain where one body part is in relation to another body part. 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