[16] Meanwhile, during drafting of the new Ukrainian Constitution, the question of autonomy was much debated: some legislators proposed abolishing it altogether (downgrading back to oblast status or to autonomy but not autonomous republic),[17][18] while other legislators proposed legalising the 1992 Constitution of Crimea provisions (original May revision) in the new Ukrainian Constitution. Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles, personal and household goods – 13%, Real estate, renting and business activities – 10%, Public administration, defense, compulsory social security – 8%, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 15:20. [81] In July 2015, 25 banks were operating in Crimea while prior to the Russian annexation there were 180 banks. [49], In July 2015, Russian Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, declared that Crimea had been fully integrated into Russia. The following non UN-member states have recognized the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol as federal subjects of Russia: The following member states have taken a pro-Ukrainian stance from sanctions against Russia to giving support to Ukraine to voting for Ukraine's claim on the territory: The following non UN-member states have also voiced support for Ukraine's claim on the territory: In addition to most states listed above, The following states voted for resolution A/73/L.47, the position of Ukraine and thirty-two other states on affirming the General Assembly's commitment to the territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders and condemning the Kerch Strait incident. During the Russian-Turkish war of 1768-1774, Crimea was probably Russia’s main goal. Russian forces seized Crimea by force in 2014. [103], According to Human Rights Watch "Russia has violated multiple obligations it has as an occupying power under international humanitarian law – in particular in relation to the protection of civilians' rights. Being a semi-exclave, the peninsula is connected to the rest of Russia by a multibillion-dollar road–rail fixed link across the Kerch Strait,[62] dubbed Crimean Bridge by the Russian government. The Crimean Tatars were allowed to return to Crimea in the mid-1980s under perestroika. Several members of the Mejlis were also reportedly subjected to FSB searches at their homes. [17][18] Russia then annexed Crimea with the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol becoming two federal subjects of Russia. Russia argues that the results of a referendum held in Crimea and Sevastopol justify the accession. Ukraine gave it a limited self-rule as an autonomous republic. According to the Republic of Crimea Ministry of Education, Science, and Youth,[66] most primary and secondary school pupils have decided to study in Russian in 2015. The European Union, United States, Canada and several other nations condemned the decision to hold a referendum. Apple Maps now shows Crimea - annexed from Ukraine in 2014 - as part of Russia, when viewed there. However, the annexation divided the Autonomous Republic and the city of Sevastopol once again into two separate entities: the Autonomous Republic became the Republic of Crimea as a Russian republic while Sevastopol became a Russian federal city. 15 March the Chadian representative to the UN Security Council. Starting in the summer of 2014 Crimea's government nationalized various large Crimean companies and assets; reasons given for this were (among others) "the company helped to finance military operations against Donetsk People's Republic and Lugansk People's Republic" and "the resort complex illegally blocked public access to nearby park lands". It has supported separatist rebels in eastern Ukraine in a six-year war that has … [58], By July 2015, 20,000 Crimeans had renounced their Ukrainian citizenship. Nevertheless, in practice it was still governed as a part of Crimean Oblast (for example, inhabitants of Sevastopol elected deputies into Crimean Oblast Council,[21][22] all its structures, such as local militsiya departments, etc., were subordinated to oblast structures[23]) and therefore was practically transferred too. [74] Since then the peninsula now has to import most of its food from Russia. Human rights activists in the region have described the seizures as lacking a legal basis and dismissed the "anti-corruption" rationale. At the last census, the republic had a population of 1,891,465 (2014 Census). Crimea remained part of Russia. [108][109][110] Crimean authorities state these deaths and disappearances are connected to "smoking an unspecified substance" and volunteers for the Syrian civil war; human rights activists claim the disappearances are part of a repression campaign against Crimean Tatars. The republic is coterminous with the Crimean Peninsula, lying between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. As part of the agreements, Russia used to pay the Ukrainian government $530 million annually for the base, and wrote off nearly $100 million of Kyiv's debt for the right to use Ukrainian waters. 949 pupils study in Ukrainian language in 22 schools in 13 districts. [by whom?] Russia withdrew its forces from southern Kherson in December 2014 Since Russian control over Crimea was established in 2014, the peninsula has been administered as part of the Russian Federation except for the northern areas of the Arabat Spit and the Syvash which are still controlled by Ukraine. "Political solution only through dialogue, "Su Gerusalemme capitale e Crimea russa, Salvini irrita la Farnesina (di U. It is noted that the supreme direct manifestation of the power of the people is referendum and free elections; seizure of power and appropriation of power authorization are unacceptable. [27], On 16 March 2014, according to the organizers of Crimean status referendum, a large majority (reported as 96.77% of the 81.36% of the population of Crimea who voted) voted in favour of independence of Crimea from Ukraine and joining Russia as a federal subject. Верховная Рада АРК; Закон, Конституция от 01.11.1995 № 611k-1, Про Конституцію Автономної Республіки Крим. Crimea's autonomous status was re-affirmed in 1996 with the ratification of Ukraine's current constitution, which designated Crimea as the "Autonomous Republic of Crimea", but also an "inseparable constituent part of Ukraine". Верховная Рада АРК; Закон от 25.09.1992 № 155-1, "Letter dated 25 May 1992 from the Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations, addressed to the Secretary-General", "Letter dated 13 July 1993 from the Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations, addressed to the President of the Security Council", "Letter dated 16 July 1993 from the Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the United Nations addressed to the Security Council", Общественные организации русского Крыма: политическая деятельность, стратегии взаимоотношений с властью, О восстановлении конституционных основ государственности Республики Крым. Just 13 percent said they should remain part of Ukraine. Crimea was annexed by the Russian Empire during the reign of Catherine The Great in 1783 and remained part of Russia until 1954, when it was transferred to … Russia claimed the Republic of Crimea (country) as a federal district, the Crimean Federal District, on the grounds of historical control of the area and the local population's right to self-determination reflected in the annexation vote. [69], The majority of the Crimean population adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, with the Crimean Tatars forming a Sunni Muslim minority, besides smaller Roman Catholic, Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Armenian Apostolic and Jewish minorities. The Ministry of Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally displaced persons (Ukrainian: Міністерство з питань тимчасово окупованих територій та внутрішньо переміщених осіб України) is a government ministry in Ukraine that was officially established on 20 April 2016 [30] to manage occupied parts of Donetsk, Luhansk and Crimea regions affected by Russian military intervention of 2014. Republic of Crimea (within Russia) since 2014, Autonomous Republic of Crimea (within Ukraine). Russia’s ally Serbia voted against a UN resolution urging Moscow to withdraw its forces from Ukraine’s Crimea region, again declining to follow the position of the EU, which it is seeking to join. In Crimea Peninsula worked four mobile operators already offers voice and mobile data for 2G, 3G and 4G users. 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